Apache Cheat Sheet

Check Apache version:

httpd -v
httpd -V (more verbose output)

Check Apache Status:

systemctl status httpd
service httpd status

Start Apache:

systemctl start httpd
service httpd stop

Stop Apache:

systemctl stop httpd
service httpd stop

Restart Apache:

systemctl restart httpd
service httpd restart

Check syntax:

httpd -t

Setup a Virtual Domain:

NameVirtualHost *

DocumentRoot /web/example.com/www
ServerName www.example.com
ServerAlias example.com
CustomLog /web/example.com/logs/access.log combined
ErrorLog /web/example.com/logs/error.log

Include another conf file:

Include /etc/apache/virtual-hosts/*.conf

Hide apache version info:

ServerSignature Off
ServerTokens Prod

Custom 404 Error message:

ErrorDocument 404 /404.html

Create a virtual directory (mod_alias):

Alias /common /web/common

Perminant redirect (mod_alias):

Redirect permanent /old http://example.com/new

Create a cgi-bin:

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /web/cgi-bin/

Process .cgi scripts:

AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

Add a directory index:

DirectoryIndex index.cfm index.cfm

Turn off directory browsing:

Options -Indexes

Turn on directory browsing:


Options +Indexes

Create a new user for basic auth (command line):

htpasswd -c /etc/apacheusers

Apache basic authentication:

AuthName “Authentication Required”
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /etc/apacheusers
Require valid-user

Only allow access from a specific IP:

Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from 127.0.0.1

Only allow access from your subnet:

Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from 176.16.0.0/16

mod_rewrite
Turn on the rewrite engine:

RewriteEngine On

Redirect /news/123 to /news.cfm?id=123

RewriteRule ^/news/([0-9]+)$ /news.cfm?id=$1 [PT,L]

Redirect www.example.com to example.com

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.example\.com$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://example.com$1 [R=301,L]

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